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Analysis Of Peasants' Conduct In The Cultivable Land Resource Transfer Process

Posted on:2005-08-02Degree:DoctorType:Dissertation
Country:ChinaCandidate:Z B ZhongFull Text:PDF
GTID:1116360125469094Subject:Agricultural Economics and Management
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
Household contract responsibility system with remuneration linked to output is a basic cultivable land system chosen by Chinese peasants. This is a fundamental system that is suitable for China's characteristics and agriculture production. With the diversity of employment of rural labor force, how to improve the efficiency of cultivable land allocation while sticking to the household contract responsibility system is focus of concern of governments in all levels and the academic community. Various booming forms of cultivable land transfer in China currently have positively affects on the optimization of land allocation.Adopting questionnaires as well as interviewing, and choose Shaoxing city in Zhejiang province and Zhongxiang and Yichang city as the investigation spots, this thesis uses a random sample of 102 villager groups, and 203 peasants' households have been investigated ( in which 138 are in Hubei and 92 in Zhejiang), these villager groups and peasants' households are scattered in 9 towns and 43 villages. On the basis of the first-hand research materials along with the use of comparative research approach, and from the perspective of respecting peasants' wish and promote peasants' motives, this thesis has analyzed the practical background of peasants' participation in cultivable land transfer, the characteristics of their conduct in the process and their subjective sense according to the action analysis theories of Weber and Parsons. The economic and social factors blocking the current cultivable land transfer have also been disclosed. This thesis has also discussed how to establish cultivable land transfer market and how to reform the land system when rural labor force is stepping into non-agricultural industries in today's China. Specifically, this thesis has done research into the following issues: The first one is the objective description of the background of cultivable land transfer on the basis of analysis and evaluation of the characteristics of cultivable land allocation and utility of peasants' households as well as the assessment of agricultural production performance; The second one is the analysis of types, processes, forms of peasants' conduct in cultivable land transfer in different areas staying in different development levels on the basis of the action analysis theories of Weber and Parsons; The third one is the disclosing of the peasants' subjective sense through the discussion of peasants' attitude towards the current land system; The fourth one is the discussion on how to establish China's cultivable land transfer market according to conduct features and subjective sense in land transfer process from the perspective of market subject-peasants' households.With regard to the utility and allocation of the labor force of peasants' households, the priority of rural young laborer and laborers with better education degree is to choose non-agricultural industries given the low comparative interest of agriculture. When the allocation and utility of cultivable land are considered, it can be found that the limited cultivable land has not become a scarce resource, and this has been shown from the following issues: In Hubei province, after the carrying out of the policy of Household contract responsibility system with remuneration linked to output, 2.3% of peasants' households have been abandoned their cultivable land, 18.4% have given up their right to contract the land in the immediate recent land modification; While in Zhejiang province, these two figures are 4.4% and 20.6% respectively. The utility of cultivable land is low with an average multiple cropping rate of 1.41. Furthermore, social insurance function attached to land resource has an intensifying trend.Through the evaluation of the performances of agricultural production and agribusiness the thesis finds: Peasants in different developing level areas have different criterions when to assess the performances of agricultural production and agribusiness. Because agriculture is still the main source of the family income, agricultural...
Keywords/Search Tags:Cultivable land transfer, Conduct of peasants' household, Attitude of peasants, Cultivable land market
PDF Full Text Request
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