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The Analysis About Effect Of Peasants' Cooperation

Posted on:2011-09-20Degree:MasterType:Thesis
Country:ChinaCandidate:F YangFull Text:PDF
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"Three Rural Issues" has been China's academic focus. After the 17 Third Plenary Session,the state really for rural reform, decided to get rid of "Urban-rural dual structure", implemented industry nurturing agriculture and cities helping rural with massive resources.But the fact is that the injection of substantial resources to rural areas did not let the rural really developed. Because these resources are mainly lost to the individual peasantry, large amounts of resources decentralized, public utilities are still due to lack of resource the development of stagnation. If there is a whole platform to undertake the resources under the rural practical need for the use, it can solve the contradiction between resources docking. Peasants cooperative is a practical form in the countryside. It play a very big role in daily life,so we can make a whole platform by peasants cooperating to undertake resources. Some of peasants cooperative achieve goals, but another does not. The reasons should be explored.This selection is located in the northwest of the Z village as a case in the framework of the state and social relations, of Z village, eighties were in the last century and the beginning of this century, two typical of cooperative behavior Revised Family Tree and land sub-shall, from relationship between the state and peasants, markets and peasants, and the village and peasants combining with the peasants action logic, compare the two effective cooperation, explore where existing structural and institutional reasons, but also shows the structure of the village changing.In this paper, based on detailed revising family trees and land sub-paragraph, comparative analysis of the conditions of the two cooperative behavior, functioning mechanisms, cooperation between effect to show in the affected countries, under the influence of the rural market, its how to conduct self-cooperation possible.Through comparative analysis: Genealogy in the repair process, the State encourages cooperative behavior to help peasants and the peasants autonomous, the state's appropriate intervention to create a favorable environment for cooperation; in a free market, peasants take advantage of market conditions and market mechanisms to facilitate cooperation, to facilitate cooperation success; in the village, the villagers belong to the same ethnic group, the basis for cooperation exists in the village, that is a complete clan organizations, initiated and hosted the elite of positive punishment mechanism within the family, which together reduce the cost of cooperation to reduce the cooperation of the discount rate, to improve the cost of non-cooperation to ensure the smooth progress of cooperation. But in the land sub-paragraph, the actual state power on behalf of the village-level organizations in the land and the absence of undue interference selectively, the cost of increasing peasants organizations; peasants and the capital market compared to other stakeholders, power weak, and other interests of the main alliance of interests, resulting in the balance of power and the poor, disadvantaged peasants by the erosion of capital, weakening cooperation capacity; in the village itself, the market makes the interests of the village members of the division, the destruction of the original structure, the villagers can not afford a common meeting cooperation of organizational functions, but the village community on different force borne villagers influence differentiation, political elite and ordinary villagers because of its no longer belong to the same community of interests, the interests of himself occupied village of benefit to be attractive, while lacking supervisors, and their uncooperative behavior low cost, high yield contrary, the elite have been as protective of traditional elites into account co-chaired the high cost of concessions to choose, making predatory elites can learn from the fat, once again raising the cost of cooperation. Ordinary villagers into account in relation to the ethical edge, low cost strategy to take, or let the women come out or just small-scale discussions, and in public places taking into account "RenQing" "MianZi",in the village of public opinion can not form efficacious strength and enhance cooperation in the discount rate, lower co-benefits, so cooperative effect is lower.Innovation of this paper lies in: 1, In the same village selected to compare different periods of cooperation, to avoid differences in local cultural differences in the results caused, thus it can show changes in the structural of the village.2, Thinking beyond the cooperation of the "government" and "market" controversy, with peasants logic of action to explain the cooperative effect, pointed out that the level of cooperation results in balancing the economic interests of peasants, institutional and structural constraints the result.
Keywords/Search Tags:Peasants cooperative, family tree, land sub-paragraph, Logical actions of peasants
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