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The Land Reform Scenes And The Rural Living Beings:The Practice Of The Chinese Land Law Outline In North China

Posted on:2015-01-05Degree:MasterType:Thesis
Country:ChinaCandidate:H BaiFull Text:PDF
GTID:2296330461486190Subject:China's modern history
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
This paper focuses on the daily changes of rural people in North China under the circumstances of the liberation war and the land reform movement after the Chinese Land Law Outline was published in October,1947. The rural people were divided into four classes:the poor peasants and farm labors, the middle peasants, the rich peasants and the landlords during the event. The Chinese liberation war and the land reform movement at this time shared the same goal, so they promoted the changes of the domestic situation together. The reaction of the four classes in the face of the land reform movement also contributed to the development of the revolution and rural social changes.The poor peasants and farm labors experienced four stages in the movement that is the full mobilization, the active participation, the line of solely relying on poor peasants and farm labors, the leftism and the correction. After the training of this movement, most of the poor peasants gradually became the core forces of the revolution and the production, and the cadres from this group also became the backbone of the Party’s cause.The middle peasants’attitude from shaking to firmly supporting the Chinese Communist Revolution was impartibility with the Chinese Communist Party’s policies. An atmosphere of fear and insecurity was created among the middle peasants because of the Leftism, while the trend of the unity with the middle peasants eventually calmed them down and stimulated them into the production and the revolution.The landlords and the rich peasants were the targets of the revolution and the movement, in the face of the Outline they tended to destroy it at the beginning but at last they received and supported it. The leftism in the movement not only killed a number of rich peasants, but also destroyed the development of the industry and commerce. All these problems were solved in the correction and the Communist Party began to pay more attention to the development of the production and the revolution.
Keywords/Search Tags:The Chinese Land Law Outline, The poor peasants and farm labors, The middle peasants, The rich peasants, The landlords
PDF Full Text Request
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