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The Research Of Demographic Dividend And Economical Growth In Xinjiang

Posted on:2010-08-10Degree:MasterType:Thesis
Country:ChinaCandidate:A F ZhangFull Text:PDF
GTID:2167360275998161Subject:Labor economics
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
There is a close relationship between economic development and population factors. Economic development decided the development of population. However, the development of population also have a certain reaction to the economic development. Such as the number ,the quality ,population structure and so on. The age structure of population is a very important aspect. Because people'production and consumption have different performance at different ages. So, different age groups'population have different effects on economic growth. Generally speaking, if the large proportion of population are composed of children or the elderly , social burden are higher, productive are lower, It isn't good for economic growth. And vice versa.This paper based on the research of economic development theory and demographic dividend theory from home and abroad .First of all, we discuss the objective conditions that generated the demographic dividends in Xinjiang , Such as the implementation of family planning policy, the development of education, the improve of health care and so on. It is proved that demographic dividend is exist in Xinjiang .Secondly, from two aspects ----- population's natural change and the dependency ratio caused by the changes to explain the formation period of Xinjiang demographic dividend ,Pointed out that the young dependency ratio are lower at present, The proportion of working-age population is greater. During this period, the labor are rich,the production of population are greater, which provide demographic dividend for the development of Xinjiang's economic.The paper focused on two aspects------ labor and savings to carry on positive analysis about the demographic dividend effect in Xinjiang. From the view of labor, build Cobb Douglas function to analysis the effects that the labor input to economic growth。From the view of saving, primarily by building a model to analysis the relationship between dependency ratio and savings。Finally, according to the actual of Xinjiang, we promote the related countermeasures and suggestions on fully harvest the demographic dividend. Mainly from four aspects to discuss:increase the participation rate of labor force , speed up the transfer of rural surplus labor force, improve the quality of workers, improve the social security system.
Keywords/Search Tags:demographic dividend, age structure, dependency ratio, labor, saving
PDF Full Text Request
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