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Comprehensive Evaluation Of The Sichuan Province Of Sustainable Urban Development

Posted on:2005-10-22Degree:MasterType:Thesis
Country:ChinaCandidate:J ChenFull Text:PDF
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Sichuan province sits in the inland of southwestern China, where complex geography, inconvenience transportation and unsound surroundings used to mean everything. It has the largest population in the nation but a small proportion of farmland and natural resources per head, which contributes to long periods of under-developed economy and low budgets of life income. When economic development has been seriously put onto agenda and carried out over the last few years, the problems between social development and environmental change appeal emerge: pollution, poverty, unemployment, etc. The thesis tries to evaluate various cities in Sichuan on the basis of sustainable development (SD) level, which provides a better standard for comparing their strengths and weaknesses, hoping this may help ease some of the unwanted flaws and give rise to sustainable development to its full potential of the province. The thesis consists of four sections.Section One mainly deals with the past and present situation of statistics for sustainable development (SD), which follows the philosophy of the latter, but statistical findings from home or abroad have not yet specified cities in Sichuan province, and this is where lies the meaning of the study of the thesis.Section Two lists the common procedures of statistics for SD and discusses the theory of the thesis. The theory builds up on the definition of SD, and personal suggestions for the SD index system in terms of population, economy, environment and social development; It's roofed with balancing and reasoning of the comprehensive evaluations one of which is adopted in the thesis, i.e. principal component analysis.Section Three carries out case study. Index system of Sichuan SD is compared and discussed different situations in various cities. Data have been processed in the light of principal component analysis, hierarchical cluster analysis and radar chart, obtaining the coordination levels of SD and index of population, economy, environment and social development (four subsystems of SD). Among those cities comparative levels of SD among 18 cities have also been sorted and clustered into four categories.Section Four gets a closer insight into the sorting process and draws lessons from it. It evaluates the result of SPSS for the four categorized cities and analyzes the SD in them whereby turn up the factors. Some proposals are given to the government policy.The innovations of the thesis lie in the following aspects:A more directed index systemBased on by current international/domestic findings and facts, the article finds every way to melt back social, economical and environmental changes in Sichuan and statistical materials in sampled cities with the attempt to produce a practical index system of SD comparison and evaluation that so fits the province.A useful principal component analysisIt measures and evaluates features of general and specific SD and its four subsystems in those cities. It also explains the status quo of the four-categorized cities, and even compares and contrasts cities within the same category, providing helpful measures for the SD policy makers.A more reliable evaluation resultHierarchical cluster analysis is introduced to check the availability of the findings from principal component analysis. Moreover, they overlap and are proved to be quite effective.A broader quantitative analysisindex and radar chart are involved to further reason the correlations between SD and its four subsystems.
Keywords/Search Tags:Sustainable Development, index, index system, comprehensive evaluation, principal component analysis, Hierarchical cluster analysis, radar chart, coordination level
PDF Full Text Request
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