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The United States, Driven By The Evolution Of The Central Asian Energy Landscape

Posted on:2014-02-20Degree:MasterType:Thesis
Country:ChinaCandidate:Y X SongFull Text:PDF
GTID:2266330392963115Subject:International relations
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Central Asia has an important position in international energy landscape, thanksto its abundant oil and gas resources, combined with the special geopolitical strategyvalue. Since the mid-1990s, American has regard the central Asian region as a sourceof energy to reach its diversified strategy goal. The United States took a variety ofsteps to preempt the Central Asia, deeply affected the Central Asian energy landscape.The paper analyses the change of the Central Asian energy pattern driven by theUnited States from its independence in1991,which can be divided into five chapters.Chapter one discusses the important position of the central Asian energy structure, aswell as the reason why American interest in central Asia’s energy.The second andthird chapters analyse the changes of the central Asian energy landscape driven by theUnited States, which divided into two periods. Chapter two analyses the first time,that is,2001years ago, the role American play in central Asia energy pattern, whichdivided into two stages.1991-1997for the first stage;1997-2001for the second phase.Since2001,The U.S. intensify control Central Asia, which energy structure changesgreat. It can be divided into three stages:2001-2005for the first stage;2005-2009asthe second stage; and since2009is the third stage.Chapter four expounds from threeaspects that America adopt to gain a foothold in the competition: control of oil andgas pipelines; strengthen the military deployment of relevant countries in the region;contribute to the development its oil company. Chapter five analyzes the gain and lossof U.S. in the evolution of the Central Asia energy landscape, conclude that theUnited States actively intervented in central Asian affairs, quickly broke the originalstrategic balance of power in the region from political,economic, military and socialaspects, which bring new variables to Central Asia, Russia and China.
Keywords/Search Tags:the United States, Central Asian energy struture, changes
PDF Full Text Request
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