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Game .21 Century Junior High Energy Security Of The United States In Central Asia

Posted on:2012-04-03Degree:MasterType:Thesis
Country:ChinaCandidate:J QianFull Text:PDF
GTID:2216330338974088Subject:International politics
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
Since entering the 21st century, with the rapid growth of energy demand, high international oil price and increasingly worsen situation of international energy, energy security has become a global problem and has been concerned by every country in the world. Focusing on energy security, the main energy consumers around the world, especially China and the USA, have launched a fierce competition in main energy producing areas. Among those major energy producing areas, Central Asia, the energy base of the 21st century, because of its rich energy resources and important geographical location, has become the hot spot where the world's main political forces contest.Thus, under the background of the Central Asia, this thesis explores the interest demand of both China and the USA in Central Asia area and their strategic considerations by analyzing energy security strategies of China and the USA in Central Asia. Starting with the Game theory, from the perspectives of structural realism and neoliberal institutionalism, this thesis also studies the game of energy security played by China and the USA in Central Asia area, and carries out theoretical analysis to predict the direction of the Sino-US energy security game in Central Asia and even the global ones.By viewing the current energy relation in Central Asia between China and the USA, we may see that there are many contradictory and conflicting problems between the two countries, such as mutual suspect, lack of mutual trust, America's politicization toward energy problems, two countries' different interest demands in Central Asia, etc. Those Sino-US contradictions and divergences are directing energy security game in Central Asia into zero-sum game. However, we should also see that besides these existing contradictions and divergences, China and the USA also share extensive common interests. For example, it is their joint wish to share the natural gas resource in Central Asia and avoid potential resource conflicts; in addition, both of the two countries hope to get a reliable, adequate and steady energy supply from Central Asia at a reasonable price; they have also committed to combat terrorism and preserve a peaceful and stable situation in Central Asia. All these common interests provide an immense coordinative space for the realization of a secure cooperation in the field of energy. As will be readily seen, the current Sino-US energy relation is in a dilemma, which provides opportunities and troubles at the same time.Sino-US competitions centered on energy security problems provide a theoretical base for issues as the possibility of cooperation, doctrines of collaboration in Neoliberal Institutionalism, and voluntary cooperating pattern for energy game. In fact, China and the USA could take measures like building a multilateral cooperation mechanism of Strategic Mutual Trust on the foundation of Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) to avoid the antagonism and exclusiveness of the zero-sum game, achieve a competitive cooperation in a non-zero sum mode, and realize a win-win situation of respective energy security.
Keywords/Search Tags:Central Asia, Sino-US Energy, Game of Energy Security, Cooperation
PDF Full Text Request
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