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Stalin In The Eyes Of Mao Zedong (from 1937 To 1976)

Posted on:2018-08-16Degree:MasterType:Thesis
Country:ChinaCandidate:Z LiuFull Text:PDF
GTID:2346330518482707Subject:Chinese Communist Party
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
From 1937 to 1976, Mao Zedong had a lot of comments on Stalin,and it showed a certain stage characteristics. According to Mao Zedong's different evaluation contents of Stalin, by the key node of the establishment of new China, the 20th representative conference of the Soviet Communist Party and the debates between Sino-Soviet, it can be roughly divided into four stages.Between 1937 and 1949, Mao Zedong regarded Stalin as the leader of the world revolution and a friend of the Chinese people.he enthroned Stalin's theory ,and he highly respected him in Yanan Rectification Movement, he gave his heart completely to Stalin and the Soviet. However, during this period, Mao Zedong and Stalin are also divided on some points of view, he's been dissatisfied with Stalin; In 1949 and 1956, he regarded Stalin as a mentor and ally of the New China and himself, praising and learning from Stalin and the Soviet. In addition, Mao Zedong had some dissatisfactions with the chauvinism and national egoism of Stalin in this period. After the death of Stalin, he had a certain degree of coldness in the Stalin model and the Soviet experience; 1956 to 1960,he considered Stalin as "a good man who made mistakes." He recognized the mistakes of Stalin, but also affirmed the achievements of him. On the one hand, he thought that"Stalin's mistakes are obvious", on the other hand,he believed that use "a thirty-seventy ratio" to make evaluations of Stalin is more appropriate.We should continue to hang the portrait of Stalin, learn from the works of Stalin and the advanced experience of Soviet;Between 1960 and 1976,Stalin is still "a great Marxist-Leninist" in the eyes of Mao Zedong. Mao Zedong tried his best to defend Stalin and argue in favor of him vigorously during the Sino-Soviet debate. During The Great Cultural Revolution, Mao Zedong made a complete affirmation of Stalin, he regarded Stalin as a genius like Marx, Engels, and Lenin.The four stages of Mao Zedong's evaluation of Stalin have different emphases,but the viewpoints which he regarded Stalin as a Great Marxist Leninist and Proletarian Revolutionist is always the main line running through them and it's his most basic assessment of Stalin. Although Mao Zedong's evaluation of Stalin has obvious repetition and contradiction, moreover,there are still some problems in the evaluation,such as excessive praise, untrue criticism, over defense, and no further to research the social,theoretical and institutional roots of Stalin's mistakes. But generally speaking, the evaluation can be made from the overall situation of the Communist Party of China's self-construction, the Chinese revolution and construction, and the international communist movement, it's basically objective and fair.
Keywords/Search Tags:Mao Zedong, Stalin, Evaluation, Cognition
PDF Full Text Request
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