Under the background of the new curriculum reform,high school mathematics teaching focuses on the lifelong development of students,and takes mathematics curriculum as the carrier to cultivate students’ necessary literacy to adapt to the future development.How to train students to learn how to learn and make them have lifelong learning ability has become a hot topic.Mathematics subject has strong logicality,and the course content is closely linked.By cultivating students’mathematics learning transfer ability,it is not only conducive to the learning of mathematics course and the cultivation of students’ mathematics core literacy,but also conducive to students’ transfer of mathematics knowledge to the problem-solving of real life,and promote students’ lifelong development.In order to understand the current situation of the cultivation of high school students’ mathematics learning transfer ability,find out the factors that affect high school students’ mathematics learning transfer ability,and put forward relevant teaching suggestions,this study conducted a field survey on some students and teachers of m high school and n high school in Yanji City,Jilin Province,through literature research,questionnaire survey,classroom observation and interview.By testing the students,we find that the transfer ability of high school students needs to be improved。In the questionnaire survey of students,we found that the internal factors that affect the transfer ability of high school students’ mathematics learning include:Students’ generalization level of mathematical knowledge and skills and mathematical thinking methods is low;The students’ consciousness of transferring mathematics knowledge,skills and thinking methods to real life is not high;Lack of initiative in Mathematics Learning.Through the classroom observation of teachers,we find that the teacher factors that affect the transfer ability of mathematics learning of senior high school students are as follows:Teachers’generalization of mathematical knowledge and skills is not systematic,which is not conducive to the construction of effective cognitive structure for students;Teachers neglect to summarize the essence and application conditions of mathematical thinking method in practical teaching;The classroom teaching content is not closely connected with the actual life.Through interviews with teachers,it is found that at present front-line teachers are generally able to recognize the important role of mathematics learning transfer ability,and put forward suggestions to improve mathematics learning transfer ability by guiding students to summarize what they have learned and enhance their interest in mathematics learning.In view of the above research content,this study puts forward suggestions on training students’ mathematics learning transfer ability:Pay attention to the construction of students’ cognitive structure and improve students’ ability to transfer mathematics knowledge and skills;Make clear the essence of mathematical thinking method and improve the students’ ability of transferring mathematical thinking method;Arousing students’ initiative and promoting students’ attitude towards mathematics learning;Enrich the content of class and expand the scope of mathematics learning transfer.According to the teaching suggestion,the paper takes hyperbola and its standard equation as an example.The purpose of this study is to improve the transfer ability of senior high school students’ mathematics learning,so as to promote the improvement of the core quality of senior high school students’ mathematics,and to provide a reference for senior high school mathematics teachers’ teaching and improve the efficiency of classroom teaching. |