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The Humanity Of The Modern Ideological And Political Education Of Basic Research

Posted on:2008-07-03Degree:DoctorType:Dissertation
Country:ChinaCandidate:J LeiFull Text:PDF
GTID:1116360215471579Subject:Ideological and political education
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
It is well known that any kind of education production has its own philosophy foundation. As a kind of modern education, modern ideological and political education inevitably has its own philosophy root, namely, nature foundation, which is the philosophy foundation that shows the rationality and inevitability of its own existence and its development; realistic individual is the logical beginning of the human nature basic research in modern ideological and political education; inspecting the individual human nature is to inspect the human nature foundation, also namely to inquire about its philosophy foundation. Therefore, to profoundly study the individual human nature and pursue the human nature foundation is the essential link and significant theory, which the modern ideological and political education further develops.This topic, under the macroscopic consultation of Marxism basic spirit and the highest proposition, takes the Marxism theory of human nature as the concrete theory instruction, synthesizes the newest scientific research achievement of present philosophy on human beings, pedagogy, physiology, psychological and anthropology and so on; analyses from "human nature"----a philosophy category to pay attention to "realistic individual". It also inquires about human nature foundation with source significance behind modern ideological and political education through studying some major issues such as modern human nature as well as its rules of development and change, modern people's need and its characteristic as well as its development and so on. By the ways of logical inference, comparison research and synthesis etc to provide a philosophy foundation for the realization of modern ideological and political education discipline. The main contents and the viewpoint include:First, the states of being scientific, the sociality, the psychic and its corresponding need belonged to modern individual are three human nature foundations of modern ideological and political education's emergence, existence and development. Human beings exist with the unification of natural attribute, social attribute and spiritual attribute. All have the specific and scientific need, sociality need with psychic need. As a natural person, he has various biology needs that an animal needs to survive; as a social person, he has different kinds of social needs including freedom, equality, full development and realization of his own, etc; he also wants to be respected and enjoys the human rights; as a spiritual person, he has psychic demands like spiritual comfort, spiritual home to return to and the spiritual promotion; but the psychic demands are without limits, i.e. unceasingly demands forever. The state of being scientific, the sociality, the psychic and its corresponding need form three human nature foundations of modern ideological and political education's emergence, existence and development, meanwhile, the foundation of its rationality, and inevitable philosophy.Second, the basic rule and the concrete rule of modern ideological and principle education have their corresponding human nature foundation. the realistic individual plasticity and its object the human nature foundation of basic rules of ideological and moral character's formation and development. Also human's sociality and being tools is human nature foundation of basic rules which obeys and serves the social development; the multiplicity of human nature development and monism of mainstream ideological values are human nature foundation of leading rule; the realistic individual rationality and non-rationality is human nature foundation of the rules being like sense mingling with reason; the nature between human bodies is human nature foundation of the multiple interaction rules between main bodies.Third, the principle and the method of modern ideological and political education both have their corresponding human nature foundation. According to the principle, human's socially general character and class characteristic are human nature foundation of the rules which persists combining ideological and political education human nature and Party spirit; group generality and individual character are human nature foundation of the principle which persists combining sociality and personality; the globalization and nationality of human nature development are human nature foundation of the principle which persists combing human nature in globalization and that in nationality; human's tool nature and goal nature are human nature foundation of the principle which persists the unification of the tool values and the goal value. According to the concrete method, being scientific and the psychic are human nature foundation of alternate utilization between material incentive and the moral encouragement; human nature spontaneity and self-consciousness is the human nature foundation which persists the unification of education and self-education; human's feasibility and ideal nature are human nature foundation which deals with the dual relationships between realistic education and ideal education as well as between the common ideal education and the highest ideal education.Fourth, modern ideological and political education is an already-form and the unique survival development way in human beings. Its production and development is a sign about human's survival development. It also means both human and social development. And it is a kind of goal value. This education is not just an important way to mainstream self-rules and social order for political party and class group, but also becoming a main carrier for realistic individual to pursue"trueness, kindness and beauty" as well as an objective form to pursue " free and full development"; it is not merely the important way to propaganda and annotate the importance of the mainstream's ideology, the present social system's rationality as well as the legalization of the ruling class and the incumbent party's political rule, moreover, simultaneously it is the important method for realistic individual to enrich his own nature, sociality and psychic as well as the important way to realize socialization. Therefore, as long as any ideological and political education's theory can stick to humanist and reflect the human nature's need, it can be vital; any practice of this education, as long as it has conformed with human nature, enriched human nature, improved human nature and developed human nature, can really have effect. Especially when people generally feel that the life pressure enlarges, the spirit is highly in tensed and the soul is unable to be calm, and when this education has meed human nature's need, really comforted the spirits and improved the spiritual home as well as the spiritual promotion, the education can truly have the actual effect.The theoretical significance of this topic lies in: one, it is advantageous to the scientific style and the discipline development of modern ideological and political education; two, it develops and deepens this education's basic research and cause its human nature foundation to become an important growth-spot of education discipline basic theory research. And the practical significance of the topic lies in: one, it finds an original theory foundation for the practice of our party's ideological and political education, and it enhances the actual effect and the power of convincing of this education, thus it is advantageous to promote socialist harmonious society's construction; two, it is advantageous to find the correct realization way of personality in this education and promote free and full development of realistic individual.
Keywords/Search Tags:realistic individual, human nature, modern ideological and political education, human nature foundation
PDF Full Text Request
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