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Hominological Interpretation On Modern Ideological And Political Education

Posted on:2012-02-02Degree:DoctorType:Dissertation
Country:ChinaCandidate:D Y SongFull Text:PDF
GTID:1116330335451335Subject:Ideological and political education
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
The humanity has become one of the hottest issues on which people pay a lot of attention in theorists and practice undoubtedly. Certainly it is also the question that cannot be gone round by modern ideological and political education which takes the people as its subject and object. One of the key reasons of the traditional ideological and political education's low effectiveness is that the attention and the research on the education object—human are insufficient. It has not been able to arouse and display human's enthusiasm, activity and creativity well. As the vision of scientific development on people-oriented has been put forward and implemented gradually, human's subjectivity and the people-oriented time spirit appear clearly. That requests more care and attention should be paid on people and strengthens the humanistic care. Therefore we observe, analyze and explain modern ideological and political education from the perspective of Marxist hominology, reconstruct hominology system of modern ideological and political education. This will provide new ideas and approaches for solving this problem, and change supercilious aspect of tradition moral education. It will also enhance the pertinence, initiative and effectiveness of modern ideological and political education. This thesis is mainly based on Marxist philosophy specially historical materialism, and mainly use Marxist hominology theory and Marxist basic standpoint, viewpoint and method to analyzes and annotate modern ideological and political education. It has elaborated the intrinsic logic relation between Marxist hominology and modern ideological-political education and the rich hominological connotation of the modern ideological and political education. It endeavors to gave a comprehensive hominological interpretation to modern ideological-political education from Marxist hominology from multi-dimensional and multi-layer so as to enrich and deepen the hominological research on modern ideological-political education and provides new perspectives, ideas and methods for the theory and practice of modern ideological-political education. In addition to the introduction and conclusion, the thesis consists of six parts.The first chapter mainly analyzes the close relation of modern ideological-political education and Marxist hominology from the main object of modern ideological-political education—the realistic individual in general. The realistic individual is not only the basic starting point of historical materialism, but also the main object of modern ideological-political education. Human's subjectivity and the plasticity have provided the necessity and possibility for the modern ideological and political education. The law of the formation and development of human's ideology and the main feature of the education object's thought and activity in new period is important basic point of the modern ideological and political education. The human's existence condition and the realistic circumstances in the modern market economy status is the major concern of the modern ideological and political education. Modern ideological and political education must return to the living world and promote the human's generation and improvement so as to jump out of the cocoon of traditional ideological and political education which is implemental, knowledge-based and pan-politicization and change the inefficient and weak effect of the situation.The second chapter mainly elaborates the intrinsic motivation of modern ideological and political education's existence and development from the perspective of needs of human in modern society, and how to improve the attractiveness, charisma and initiative, effectiveness of modern ideological and political education by guide, to meet and adjust human's need. The traditional ideological and political education often only focus on its tool function servicing for the state and party and socio-political needs, while ignoring the needs of the individual educated. It can not meet their reasonable diverse needs so that it can't mobilize the enthusiasm and initiative of themselves. This is also an important reason contributed to the effectiveness of the traditional ideological and political education. Need is an important category of Marxist hominology. It is not only a natural'inherent regularity'and the motive power of human's practice, but also the intrinsic motivation of modern ideological and political education's existence and development. We must attach importance to their own needs of educated individual in order to make modern ideological and political education overcome the traditional moral education's shortcomings of neglect of the educated individual own needs, mobilize their enthusiasm and the initiative and improve its effectiveness. We should meet their reasonable material and spiritual needs properly and guide them treat their needs and interests correctly, optimize their need structure and enhance the level of need and the spiritual realm, resist the adverse influence of unhealthy thought and lifestyles consciously, and pursue the noble belief and healthy spiritual life, and become'a noble person, a pure person, a moral person, a person from the vulgar, and a person benefit to the people'.The third chapter mainly analyzes and appraises the close relation between modern ideological-political education and human's communication from the new perspective of communication in modern society. Communication is unique way to human existence and activities, and it is one of the fundamental dimensions of existence and development, and it is also an important basis and carrier for human's social relations construction. Modern ideological and political education is a special kind of communication—based on the basis of the personality equality for both sides of interpersonal communication, as well as equal communication and benign interaction between the educator and the educatee. In modern society, people's communication practice continuously develop, communication skills has been greatly improved, the range, the breadth and depth of communication expand continually, competition and cooperation have become the two basic forms of communication. There are competition, cooperation, harmony and win-win relationships between people. It will not only provide a new theoretical reference and practical mode for modern ideological-political education, but also open up a new path for building equal relations between the two sides in educational communication, and improve the affinity and effectiveness of ideological-political education that illustrate the close contact between modern ideological-political education and human's communication from the important perspective of human's communication in modern society.The fourth chapter mainly interprets the important significance and unique role of modern ideological-political education in these areas from two aspects of develop human's potential and enhance human's values,. Developing human's potential and enhancing human's values is not only the important concern of Marxist hominology, but also is the important function and goal, task of the modern ideological-political education. Modern ideological and political education has vital significance and play an irreplaceable unique role in developing human's potential, enhancing and realizing human's value. Human's potential refers to human's intrinsic up for excavating and developing'sleeping ability' as subject, and helping educatee to excavate and develop their intrinsic potential and develop their all kinds of capabilities and qualities is the basic function and the important task of modern ideological-political education. Value is a category which indicates the relations between the need of subject and the existence and the attribute of the object. Human's value is the dimension of significance which human exist in society and it is the total sum and unity of individual value, the social value and the spiritual value. Guiding educatee to establish the correct values, striving to enhance and achieve their own value while serving our country and community is an important goal and task of the modern ideological-political education. It also reflects the organic unity of modern ideological-political education's social values and the individual development value, tools value and the purpose value.The fifth chapter mainly elaborates that people-oriented is the core idea which the modern Ideological-political education should adhere and implement long time. It illustrate the scientific connotation and basic requirements of modern human-oriented on the basis of analyzing and combing the development and evolution of humanistic thought in ancient China and humanism in western. It also criticizes and rethinks the 'human absence'which exists in traditional ideological-political education. It specifically addresses the important significance of people-oriented to modern ideological-political education and how to implement the vital idea and principle of people-oriented to construct the humanistic system of modern ideological-political education. We must firmly establish and implement the core idea and principle of people-oriented, explore continuously, reform and innovate, and strive to build a humanistic paradigm and practice mode of the modern ideological-political education which meet the modern society needs.The sixth chapter mainly demonstrates that promoting human free and comprehensive development is the value goal and end-result of the modern ideological-political education. It elaborates that realizing human's free and comprehensive development is the theory purport and value goal of the modern ideological-political education on the basis of discussion on the meaning, main contents and the path to achieve human's free and comprehensive development. And it discusses that cultivating modern'four-haves'citizen is the realistic dimensions and contemporary form of human's free and comprehensive development in accordance with the progress goal of human's development, furthermore it is the realistic foothold of modern ideological and political education. To enhance the ideological-political and moral level of human, promote human developing freely, in all-round way and harmoniously, are not only the value destination of modern ideological and political education, but also the lofty goal which ideological and political education workers strive for diligently.
Keywords/Search Tags:modern ideological and political education, realistic individual, subjectivity, needs, communication, value, people-oriented, free and comprehensive development
PDF Full Text Request
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