Font Size: a A A

The Systematic Analysis Of The Construction Of Rural Service System In China

Posted on:2011-02-09Degree:DoctorType:Dissertation
Country:ChinaCandidate:W LvFull Text:PDF
GTID:1116360305995313Subject:Management Science and Engineering
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
The question of rural areas, agriculture and farmers is the key question which hinder the sustainable development of the national economy. There is an agricultural population in China,70% of China's population live in rural areas which is the basis of society, but great difference between urban and rural areas, unbalanced regional economic development, a further widening of the gap between rich and poor, a huge gap between good and bad health care and unbalanced education system, all of these factors have a negative impact on China's economic and social development and stability. After investigation and interviews in rural areas, the article found that the low efficiency of rural service system was the root cause of leading to economic development lagging behind in rural areas for a long time. Countryside was poor, the agriculture was dangerous and farmer was painstaking, the basic reason of it was that our country had not yet formed a set of a perfect public service system in rural areas to eliminate the dual structure of city and countryside at present. So, the article focused on research which on behalf of the peasants, with the general consensus, and enable the majority of farmers to enjoy common services, namely, the rural public service system.The construction of rural public service system is a quite new and very important issue. At present, it has profound theoretical significance and great practical value in building a new socialist countryside and the overall economic construction. Perfection of rural public service system building is the inner demand of coordinating development of urban-rural area. It is not only the urgent requirement of the farmers, but also the basis of rural economic development and sustainable rural development. It is to accelerate the pace of building well-off society and achieve modernization in advance. Meanwhile it is an important tool to promote social and economic development in rural areas which has outstanding social and economic benefits. Under this situation, this paper from two angles:the majority of farmers and service providers to carry out research. On the one hand, article chose to study rural public service system based on multi-party cooperation supply perspective. On the other hand, from a macro point of view, the article trying to build an efficient service system in rural areas, focusing on the coordination between the construction of rural public service system and the needs of the farmers, and the intersection between the construction of rural public service system and the system of government. The article made a systematic study from the angle of complex, in theory, gave a holistic ideas and measures, which would be a great significance to solve the question of rural areas, agriculture and farmers, and build a new socialist countryside.This article roughly from five aspects of analysis. The first part established a theoretical model of rural public service system for the first time. The article recollected the concepts of service, rural service, rural public service, and other related concepts, on this basis, explored the meaning of rural public service system. Based on opinion polls, rural public service system was divided into four major systems for the first time:production service support system, living service support system, development service support system and security service support system. Each service support system included different services, adding up to a total of 18 service items. Living service support system was to meet the basic needs of farmers, production service support system was to meet production needs, development service support system was the need for the sustainable economic development in rural areas, security service support system was the need for the farmer's own sustainable development. These four service systems complemented each other. In another words, a new socialist countryside construction and development, that was mainly relying on the four service system. High-level, high-quality and high efficiency of these four kinds of rural public service system were the guarantee of the success of building a socialistic new country.The second part analyzed the main part of the supply of public services in rural areas. In the past, many people believed that the rural service system building, especially the construction of the public service system was mainly undertaken by the government, or even can definitely say that was the responsibility of the government. However, by analyzing the history of the building of China's rural service system, the article found that the construction of public services in rural areas relied solely on the government finance, or entirely relied on the farmers, which were all unrealistic. It required all parties to work together to improve the supply capacity to achieve win-win objective. The main part of the supply of public services in rural areas, not only just government, but the government, society-oriented supply organizations, market-oriented supply organizations. The three main subjects constituted a multi-party co-operation, forming the evolution of the main body building in the supply of rural service system. This article made atempt at abandoning train of thought which research, through analyzing of the characteristics of the supply of public services in rural areas, combinating cooperative game theory and infinitely repeated game theory analysis, in order to arrive at a conclusion that rural cooperative economic organization, enterprise and peasant can only be co-operation in certain conditions, that when the participant returns to meet the R合作≥R不合作,meanwhile need to add some constraints, such as reward and punishment mechanism. It was only through these means to prevent participants in a "free rider" phenomenon, and achieve multiple supply partners'win-win outcome. The article identified the interaction and complementary relationship between three main bodies of the supply by synergetics theory, and builded the rational and scientific classification of supply model which relying on public finances, policies and regulations, the strength of market and social.The third part made an overall assessment of present situation of rural public service supply in Shanxi province. The article from analyzing the construction of a comprehensive well-off society in rural areas of Shanxi province, found that each of these factor belonged to the scope of public service system in rural areas, which constraining rural economic and social development. Meanwhile the supply of these services were all in the lower supply level. Therefore, in order to make an overall assessment of the supply of public services in rural areas, this paper analyzed the supply level of public services in rural areas of Shanxi province. The article established 22 indicators which were used to evaluate the supply level of each city. Through gray correlation method to evaluate the supply level of each city, found that gray correlation degree among the top three was Yuncheng city, Jincheng city and Yangquan city. In order to find out the characteristics of supply level in 11 cities, the article divided 11 cities into two categories through the self-organizing competitive neural network. Taiyuan, Yangquan, Jincheng, Linfen, Yuncheng under the first category. Datong, Changzhi, Shuozhou, Jinzhong, Lvliang and Xinzhou under the second category. According to the results of ranking, this paper using discriminant analysis to study the differences of city's supply level bettween the top five cities and the last six cities. The result was that there was a strong correlation be existed between the construction level of irrigation and water conservancy, public libraries and the supply level of cities. Put it in another way was that the two service factors had a significant representation of reflecting the supply level of cities. There were two cities in these two services do better, so the article took Yuncheng city and Yangquan city as an example which build these two service factors better, learning from their successful approaches of building these two services, in order to provide a reference value for other cities about the construction of public services.The fourth part verified the contents of rural public service system was reasonable by factor analysis. By investigating the three representative cities in Shanxi province:Jinzhong, Lvliang and Xinzhou, and according to the views of the majority of farmers and more than 460 copies of questionnaires in three cities, the article found the three satisfaction factors, which affecting farmers satisfaction, that was, production and living service factor, development service factor and security service factor. In these three factors, there are four service indicators at a satisfactory F1 on the higher contribution rate, namely:water supply, electricity supply, gas supply, roads smooth, purchasing means of production and marketing agricultural products. Arts and sports facilities and agricultural extension, the two performance indicators at a satisfactory F2 on the higher contribution rate. For Factor 3, pension insurance, this indicator at a satisfactory F3 on the greatest contribution rate. Factor analysis results showed that farmers'satisfaction factor scores were below the average satisfaction level, in other words, farmers were not very satisfied with the supply of various services. In order to understand the relationship between these 18 service indicators and overall satisfaction, the article using correlation analysis and satisfaction factor scores to find that purchasing means of production, marketing agricultural products, irrigation and water conservancy construction, these three service indicators and overall satisfaction factor had a greater correlation. This phenomenon indicated that due to the development trend of the modernization of agriculture, farmers had to pay more attention to the level of industrialization and large-scale. According to the survey questionnaire, the article found that farmers had a multi-level needs and suggestions on the service item building, therefore, further analysis by the method of Kano model to find the questions of the public services supply in rural areas, in order to put forward service supply problems the farmers wanted to resolve urgently, and give some related policy proposals according to the concept of multi-party cooperation.The fifth part studied the public-service oriented government's supply system. Because of the construction and improvement of rural public service system had always been inseparable from government's guidance and supervision, so the article studied the construction of rural public service system from the government's point of view. The article analyzed the reasons of inadequate supply in the system of government and provided relevant recommendations about government supply mechanism in order to promote balanced development of public services between urban areas and rural areas and provide reference for the provinces in the construction of public-service oriented governments.
Keywords/Search Tags:Rural public service system, Multi-party cooperation, Supply level, Farmer satisfaction
PDF Full Text Request
Related items