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The Soviet Union To Stalin's Studies

Posted on:2013-08-27Degree:DoctorType:Dissertation
Country:ChinaCandidate:R L LvFull Text:PDF
GTID:1226330377957488Subject:Foreign Marxism
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In October of1964Khrushchev was impeached to resign for not followingLeninism leader principles and incapability to correct his political faults. Brezhnevwas chosen to be the first secretary of the Communist party of Soviet Union. Therewere two choices for Brezhnev to choose from at the time being, to continue withKhrushchev’s reforming policy or retrieve to the Stalinism. Both the reforming partyand the conservative party were trying to show their influence on Brezhnev. FinallyBrezhnev chose to re-Stalinize the Soviet Union. With Brezhnev’s leadership theStalinism was strengthened to a new height in the Soviet Union.During the18years of Brezhnev’s tenure the "developed society" theory couldbe seen everywhere and "reform" was so popular a word. Even though some socialproblems could be sensed, which prevented the further developing of the country;they were purposely covered by the "stability" and "perfection". It was the Brezhnevgovernment’s nonfeasance that made Gorbachev’s reform hard to succeed. It was alsoan unavoidable important theme to make a further understanding of the Soviet UnionSocialism developing through the Brezhnev government’s re-Stalinization and thedisintegration of the Soviet Union. There is some arrangement and analyses ofdocuments in this article which focus on the method, process and reason of theBrezhnev’s re-Stalinization as well as what we can learn from its failure.There are altogether6parts, introductory part, main body and conclusion, in thisarticle.Chapter1is mainly about Khrushchev’s reforming policy. Khrushchev came topower after Stalin passed away. But he was not the only one to make decisions on thereforming policy; there were Malenkov, Beria and some others. Khrushchev’s"defrost" policy brought some fresh air to the long suffered Soviet people.Khrushchev’s reform impacted the Stalinism in some degree but mainly it was stillfollowing the Stalinism policy. That was why the Khrushchev reform ended up infailure.Chapter2analyzed in detail the Brezhnev’s re-Stalinization process. In thisprocess the Brezhnev government stopped the political rehabilitation, renewedStalin’s reputation, strengthened the ideology control and restricted all kinds of newthoughts, advanced the theory of developed socialism and prevented the further debate of the reform theory, suppressed the reform of the east Europe in case toextinguish the reform spirit.Chapter3detailed the measures Brezhnev government took in the re-Stalinizing.In this chapter there are the policies from the Brezhnev government like, to strengthenthe control of the ideology and the culture and to suppress the ones with differentpolitical opinions, to stop the process of political democratization and change thetenure of cadre to a lifelong time, to stop the economic reform and strengthen thecentralization of authority as well as the management of different apartments.Chapter4focused on the characteristics of the Brezhnev government’sre-Stalinization. This was a silent process which took place slowly and patiently. Theprocess was not a totally return back to the Stalinism. There was no bloody measureduring the re-Stalinization.Chapter5summarized the serious consequence of the Brezhnev government’sre-Stalinization. Politically, personal cult ruined the political atmosphere, left theSoviet Union with an inactive leadership; the privilege class grew stronger whichfurther separated the relationship between the party and the masses. Economically, theunbalanced economy exhausted the potential of the nation and slowed down theeconomic improvement, which in turn worsened the nation’s global economicsituation. Ideologically, the old ideology triumphed and the new theory was hard tosurvive, which left the nation no effective ideological support for the socialdevelopment. All in a word, the re-Stalinization of the Brezhnev government left theSoviet Union in a crisis.Chapter6pointed out the reason of the Brezhnev government’s re-Stalinization.Firstly, the Stalinism was deeply rooted in the Soviet Union politicians’ heart.Secondly, Brezhnev was personally too conservative. National policy was not carriedout based on country’s reality but decided by leaders’ own opinions. That was thebasic reason of the failure of the Brezhnev government’s re-Stalinizing.
Keywords/Search Tags:the Soviet Union, reform, re-Stalinization, Brezhnev
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