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Developmental Transition Period Of Social Service Nonprofit Organizations And Constraints

Posted on:2005-06-26Degree:MasterType:Thesis
Country:ChinaCandidate:L JiFull Text:PDF
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As a factor that besides government and enterprises, Non-profit Organizations (NGOs) are growing up with the development of the Chinese market economy and the transition of the government's functions. While the NGOs are trying to obtain the development space for themselves, they've also brought far- reaching influence to the social structure. The social service oriented NGO is one type of the NGOs, which has close connections with the government as it offers special products - social service and the government offers public products and public service. This thesis selects the first social service oriented NGO in China which is composed of professionals of social work - Shanghai Lequn Social Work Service as a typical case to analyze the interaction between the social service oriented NGO and the external institutional environments.This paper includes five parts altogether. The part of the introduction has introduced the questions and the meaning of this research, and it has emphatically explained the analysis frame of the article .The visual angles on study are the Structuration Theory and The Social Interaction Theory. The analyse tools are institutions and resources. There are four theory hypotheses in this part. As for the research approaches, the paper mainly adopts case study and relativestudy.The second part has introduced the development background of the social service oriented NGO. The background includes the social transformation, the reform of the social management system, the current situation of Chinese NGOs' overall development and the social demands. It points out that Chinese NGOs are still relatively small and weak at the present stage. At the same time, the existing characteristics of the socialstructure in China have made the distributions of resources between the government and the NGOs unbalanced.The third part has described experiences in Lequn which include its establishment background, development course, organization form, service characteristics, operation mode, etc. Though Lequn's development mode is not totally the "from top to bottom", yet in the course of its development, government has played the important role to push. Lequn's operation mode is project purchase by government which depends on government very much so that Lequn's project design and service objects are influenced by government.The fourth part has mentioned Lequn's predicaments, and it sums up the restrictive factors to the unstabilities of institutions, the disappearance of the institutions, the incompatibility of the institutions and the non-integration of the resources. It also points out that the own ability of the social service oriented NGO is another important restraint factor to itself. As an actor, the NGOs not only bear the restrictive environments passively, but also they will adjust themselves and reply the external environments actively in their practising course.The fifth part tries hard to draw some conclusions on general significance by the analyze of the typical case of Lequn. It holds that the development of the organizations has a close relation with the institutions and resources. In the period of Chinese social transformation, it is essential for the social service oriented NGO to cooperate with government, because its development and growth can not do without the support of the government. By the way, as "the third sector" beyond government and market, NGO 's own improvements are the key and basic guarantee for their survival and developments.
Keywords/Search Tags:Social transformation, Non-profit organizations, Social service, Institutional restrictions
PDF Full Text Request
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