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The Influence Of The Changing Demographic Dividend To The Economic Growth Of Fujian

Posted on:2016-05-07Degree:MasterType:Thesis
Country:ChinaCandidate:X L LiuFull Text:PDF
GTID:2297330473456821Subject:Population, Resources and Environmental Economics
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
Demographic dividend provides ample labor resources for the economic growth of Fujian, and greatly promotes the economic growth of Fujian, but the demographic dividend is not inexhaustible. In recent years "labor shortage" phenomenon is constantly emerging in the coastal areas of Fujian, and the ratios of elderly population and elderly dependency have rising trend, which indicates that demographic dividend is changing in Fujian. Under this background, this article is based on the theory of demographic dividend, and analyzes the. changes of the natural population, the age structure of population and the dependency ratio of population of Fujian firstly. This article identifies the changing effect of population structure of Fujian, which has experienced a transition from demographic debt to demographic dividend, and then to demographic debt again. The period of demographic dividend began in 2000 and will end in 2030. Secondly, according to the influencing mechanism of demographic dividend to economic growth, this article empirically analyzes the effects of demographic dividend from the aspects of labor supply, saving and consumption, the analysis results show that in the golden age of demographic dividend, the labor-intensive industries absorb a lot of labor, labor input of Fujian has played a great role in promoting economic growth, and reduced dependency ratio makes savings rate remain at a higher level and consumption rates at low levels. Lastly, this article estimates the contribution of demographic dividend to the economic growth of Fujian; the calculated results show that the contribution rate of demographic dividend is relatively obvious after 2000 years and peak in 2010, after that demographic dividend contribution rate has a downward trend. Thus this article puts forward the countermeasures of increasing human capital investment, gradually raising the retirement age, moderately relaxing family planning to deal with the changes of demographic dividend and promote the sustainable growth of economy.
Keywords/Search Tags:Age structure of population, Dependency ratio of population, Demographic dividend, Economic growth
PDF Full Text Request
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