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Study On Egoism,Altruism And The Relationship With Well-being

Posted on:2018-03-07Degree:MasterType:Thesis
Country:ChinaCandidate:K HanFull Text:PDF
GTID:2359330512986057Subject:Management Science and Engineering
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The fifth plenary session of the 18th pointed out that we must strengthen social governance in innovation ways,and we must stand in the perspective of improving people’s well-being to solve social problems under the new situation of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects.The improvement of the people’s well-being is of great significance to the construction of a moderately prosperous society and the realization of the Chinese dream.In recent years,happiness economics has become a hot topic,many economists involved in the study of happiness.Three kinds of happiness hypothesis including based on absolute income,based on relative income and factors other than income has been formed.However,with the rapid development of economy,egoism has been rampant and altruism has been neglected.The happiness of residents has not only increased with the increase of income,but has decreased,and the "income-happiness" paradox has emerged.We should explore innovative ways to enhance people ’s happiness from the perspective of human nature to achieve the grand goal of building a moderately prosperous society and to achieve the Chinese people dream with people happiness.Therefore,the society needs to guide people to cultivate reasonable egoism and altruism to promote social harmony and enhance people’s happiness.This paper reviews the theoretical research of egoism and altruism through the literature review and focuses on the classic human nature hypothesis model in economics.This paper summarizes the shortcomings of classical human hypothesis model in economics through the speculative analysis and logical reasoning.In order to improve the shortcomings of the human nature hypothesis model in the economy,this article combines egoism and altruism with well-being,and proposes the Egoism and Altruism Four Quadrant Model.The model divides people into four categories through different level of egoism and altruism,people of four categories have different levels of happiness.The rationality of the model is proved through descriptive analysis,clustering analysis and variance analysis.Based on the summary of the previous research,the article puts forward the hypothesis,constructs the intermediary model to explore how the egoism and the altruism affect the happiness.The results indicate:the egoism have negative effect on the well-being;altruism and well-being are positive related;altruism has a partial mediating influence on the relationship between egoism and well-being.Moreover,the structural equation model is used to explore the path relationship between egoism,altruism and well-being.
Keywords/Search Tags:egoism, altruism, well-being, cluster analysis, structural equation model
PDF Full Text Request
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