The essence of mathematics is not its conclusions,but its thoughts.The teaching of mathematical thoughts and methods in senior high school can effectively promote the formation of students' core literacy and make students feel the cultural connotation of mathematics,and further improve students' sense of innovation.This research is mainly divided into six parts as follows.The first part is an introduction,which mainly describes the research background,significance and main contents and methods of this article,outlines the definition of mathematical thoughts and methods and the typical thinking methods of senior high school mathematics.The second part is the research literature review and theoretical basis.The third part is the investigation and analysis of the teaching status of senior high school mathematical thoughts and methods.The fourth part puts forward the teaching principles and strategies of penetrating mathematical thoughts and methods in senior high school mathematics teaching.The fifth part is the teaching design for two class hours.The sixth part summarizes the research content of this article and puts forward the prospect.The results show that teachers can use the following teaching strategies to teach senior high school mathematical thoughts and methods.Firstly,the teaching arrangement of mathematical thoughts and methods should be determined through the discussion of the lesson preparing group.Secondly,teachers should systematically study the relevant courses of methodology and understand the mathematical thoughts and methods in senior high school,improve their mathematics literacy.When preparing lessons,teachers should pay attention to digging up the mathematical thoughts and methods in the textbooks,and focus on the students' foundation,and cultivate students' good learning habits.Teacher should integrate the discovery process of mathematics into classroom teaching or create life situations in the teaching process.When solving problems,teachers should show students their own thinking process and explain the ideas and methods of solving problems.After class,teachers should promptly summarize and be good at using a variety of teaching evaluation methods to feedback teaching,and pay attention to the common teaching reflection of teachers and students.Finally,the thematic teaching of mathematical thoughts and methods should be carried out in the reviewing period of the third yearof senior high school. |