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A Study On The Experience Of Political Democracy In Sweden

Posted on:2017-03-17Degree:DoctorType:Dissertation
Country:ChinaCandidate:R ChenFull Text:PDF
GTID:1106330488455049Subject:Doctrine of the party and party building
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
Since the early 20 th century, Sweden Social Democratic Party(hereinafter referred as “SAP”) governed Sweden for many times and the total governing history is as long as 67 years. The “Sweden mode” SAP established during its governing history, highly praised by the public, was granted as “a sample of democratic society” and “a standard of welfare society”. As a working-class party guided by democratic socialism theory, how did SAP make the socialist principle come true in a capitalist country? How did it keep governing in a competitive political party system? What setbacks and failures did it experience and what explorations and adjustments did it make? These are important projects worthwhile to be discussed and researched in the field of party politics.By comprehensively adopting study methods including the literature research method, historical analysis method, comparative analysis method, chart analysis method, etc., and by taking theoretical analysis, history clarification, practice exploration and experience summary as research path, this paper, from the perspective of party governing, elaborates the explorations and adjustments that SAP made in respect of governing theory, governing method and party construction, etc., summarizes the mains experience and challenges incurred when SAP was governing the state and conquering difficulties and then explores the inspirations the Chinese Communist Party may draw from the SAP’ governing experience. This paper is in three parts: Introduction, body(six chapters) and conclusion.This paper first defines “Party” and its functionalities, retrospects SAP’ history, clarifies the connotations of “Party governing” and “Governing a state”, and analyzes the ideology, main method, basic rules and influence factors of a party’s governing a state. Then it mainly recalls SAP’s establishing process and fully summarizes SAP’s governing history and main achievements before the Second World War and after the Second World War.This paper mainly studies the theory explorations and theory influence of SAP’s governing. This author opines that, with the proposal of “the People’s Home” and with the developments of “Welfare socialist”, “function socialist” and “Fund socialist”, it indicates that SAP was knowing “Swedish Socialist” better and better; Guided by these theories, SAP successively came up with “Middle Way”, “Third Way” and “New Third Way” and improved the connotation of “Sweden mode”; Based on these theories and policies, SAP gradually made a governing plan which makes the “efficiency as important as equity, democracy as important as law, compromise as important as cooperation and principle as important as flexibility”,and these plans further drove SAP’s governing practice. Then this paper studies the improvements SAP made regarding the governing method, centralizing on how SAP adapted itself in the system of that time and successfully promoted its governing policy when it was turning from “external party” to “parliamentary party” and how SAP dealt with the relationship between the party and the government, perfected the consultation mechanism and decision-making system and improved the restriction of powers, to develop the level of governing the state scientifically, democratically and legally. After studying the basic methods that SAP adopted to govern the state, this paper further elaborates how SAP strengthened its construction and the focus is on how SAP consolidated and expanded the social basis, adjusted party structure and operation mode, improved party style and maintain party’s image though under challenges of competitive political party system and era changes, to expand its influence and maintain governing position.This author, after study, opines that the main achievements and experience of SAP’s governing lie in that: firstly, it protected its core value when reforming the capitalist; Secondly, it exploited and developed the “Middle Way” with taking its own national conditions into consideration; Thirdly, it attached equal important to efficiency and equity when developing the market-oriented economy; Fourthly, it promoted social harmony when proposing class-cooperation; Fifthly, it addressed corruptions when remaining in governing position for a long time; Sixthly, it stabilized its power advantage though under more and more complex challenges. The experience, though based on its national conditions, cultural traditions and national mentalities, is still a favorable part of our human political culture. There are inspirations which can be drawn and reasonably used by Chinese Communist Party.
Keywords/Search Tags:Sweden Social Democratic Party, Governing a state, Experience, Theoretical innovation, Governing method, Party construction
PDF Full Text Request
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