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On The City Geography Of Loess PlateauIn Qing Dynasty

Posted on:2003-01-26Degree:DoctorType:Dissertation
Country:ChinaCandidate:J C LiuFull Text:PDF
GTID:1115360062480713Subject:Historical geography
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
The main goal of the paper is to present the regularity of the existence and the development of the towns on loess plateau in .the Qing Dynasty by studying the towns and cities with the basic theory of city geography. The regions project will surely fill an academic blank in the field, promote the further study of history and city geography and provide the historic geography foundation for the further city planning and construction as well.To start with ,the paper briefly accounts the natural environment basis and the natural environment basis and the culture geography of the city' s existence and development. There are many geography' s factors which will be the drawbacks of the city development. The following parts of the paper discusses the development and the system of the city, the issue of urbanization .The city' s distribution the city' s districts and space, the city' s structure of the different levels , the combination of the city' s functions as well as its inner structure. By using the methodology of city history for reference, the paper also conducts a historical discussion and generalizes situation and development of the city.By looking into the change of city' s numbers and analysis the reason of it, the paper argues that the city of different levels of Qing Dynasty increased dramatically compared with the Ming Dynasty especially the administrative cities of prefecture' s level. The increase and the spread provide a good balance for the city system. The development of the city is a process of urbanization. The paper accounts the conditions for urbanizing of the region in Qing, features and some restricted factories. The main features of urbanization is to follow the patter which combined the way from up to down and from down to up together. The first way is the action of government and the later is mainly done by the businessman and trade development. The region' s urbanization is not balanced. The fast development of eastern-part of central shaanxi plain and the south shanxi is the feature. The city' s modernization started from the Opium War had two motive forces. One is outer force. The other one is the power caused by the Qing government reforming. The modernization is also not balance with the east stronger and faster than the west.By analyzing the longitude and latitude of the cities, the paper presents that the feature of the city distribution appears on a diminishing scale from east to the west and from south to the north. The numbers of the cities of prefecture and state level in east isover three times as many as those in the west with the longitude 108 Has the dividing line. The general distribution feature is almost the same. The distribution of towns and cities have the time and space change. However the general pattern will not go too far different. The geographies feature is that the cities is densely scattered in the plain, valley area and few of them can' t be found in those high land, mountain and hilly areas.The cities and towns all lie in a certain kind of special organization. By analyzing the distance between the towns and cities with the central town. The paper systematically discovers the region difference between the special relationship of the city and towns. The distance between counties and states in the NorthernShaanxi is the longest, the following is the Gansu region Northern Shanxi region, the central and southern Shanxi and North-western Heman with the central Shanxi plain the shortest. The average distance to the state city is 137.1 li to the prefecture 94.4 li. By testing the samples, the general distance of the towns to their central town is all within their rage. The middle and south Shanxi is the most shortest which is 20-40 li. The Northern Shaanxi is longest which is 70-100 li.The scale at a city or town includes the population and density that it has occupied. By using and absorbing Zao shuji ' s academic achievement. The paper also supplements and makes some revision. The population scale can be divided in shanxi and Sha...
Keywords/Search Tags:Qing Dynasty, loess plateau, City, geography
PDF Full Text Request
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