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Political Analysis Of The Process Of European Integration And The Common Foreign And Security Policy Of European Union

Posted on:2010-08-29Degree:DoctorType:Dissertation
Country:ChinaCandidate:Q B LuoFull Text:PDF
GTID:1116360272998574Subject:International politics
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This Thesis has seven chapters besides introduction and conclusion, from a qualitative analysis point of view, we delve into the article starting with a basic understanding of European Integration. Next, background information as well as the origin of European Integration is presented, followed by a brief overview of its development throughout the years. Finally, the article takes a look at the current achievements and future developments as well as discussing the pros and cons of European Integration.The first chapter discusses the definition of integration and explains what the European Integration is; the theories that supports the idea. The discovery of European Integration and its development is similar to that of integration theory; started out small yet as time progresses more developments appeared, it can be said that the two theories developed together mutually. However, after the establishment and rise to power of the European Community, European Integration became the main focus of study, whereas the integration theory became more of a supporting theory to European Integration.The second chapter discusses the European Integration theory during 1954, where it was given little to no attention, as people were more concerned over the Defense Community Program, after the Political Community Program was abandoned. Aside from the Coal and Steel Community, the supranational that attempted to become the next superpower all reached a bottleneck. As a matter of fact, the concept of European structural lies deep in every nation, even when facing the French Nationalism, it did have some set back, however it also emphasized the importance of construction and establishment of infrastructures. After the downfall of the way of military European, the way of political European followed in its footsteps too; it seems only right to return back to the way of economic European.The third chapter goes into details on how the European integration went through all the tides and turns. In 1957, when people turned to the integration theory, elites of the economic society gathered together and pondered on the development of the European Integration. Three countries, Nederland, Belgium, Luxembourg joint markets and formed a common market community. The French, however were interested with atomic energy, and thus formed an atomic energy community; Germany also decided to venture in atomic energy in hopes to rival the achievements the British and Americans have in this field, however they at the same time also hold a certain fondness for a common market community. The British on the other hand missed their chance in joining the common market community when the opportunity came, mostly because the leaders of their nation could not compromise with other nations. After the Treaty of Rome, each nation progressed towards political integration; between 1961-1970 tension between the nations brought the integration to a sudden halt. 1970-1979 the French and Germans came under a new relationship, Neo-functionalism, where both nations worked together politically and thus sparked the development of the European Community during the period of 1980-1990; in addition, the Single European Act also took place during 1980-1990.The fourth chapter starts from 1992, a very important milestone for the European Integration; if the previous Single European Act was an overall summary of the past achievements, the establishment of the European Union is definitely the true start of European Integration theory. It is through the EU that many treaties and political decisions were made and all these aid in the understanding and development of the European Integration.The fifth chapter circles around a key point of the European Integration; in March 25th 2007, or otherwise known as the 50th anniversary of the European Union, the aim of political cooperation really brought the idea of European Integration to the next step. After half a century of turmoil and evolution, what is the current status of the European Integration? In what directions should the European Integration develop? This has always been a topic that many scholars pay attention too, simultaneously it is also a topic that we have to look into. The EU Constitutional Treaty signed in 2005 has come to an end, and the Treaty of Lisbon established in 2007 has not been approved yet. This means that the concept of European Integration is actually playing a role in the whole political structure of Europe; what are the organizations that hold vital roles in the political structure of Europe and what do they do? Chapter six mainly revolves around the idea of foreign and security policy; these two are nevertheless some of the most important areas of studies. In the long and slow process of creating The United States of Europe, the elites of the European political society and their strong determination are the main source of power that is pushing this project forward. The idea of United States of Europe, actually emerged from the observing the CFSP(common foreign and security policy)of its member nations. The current EU for example, has established a CFSP that has traversed through several changes and stages. This chapter will go into details on the different CFSP that the EU has developed, furthermore discuss how the decisions were made and the tools involved in decision making.Lastly, the article sums up European Integration in its current status after 50 years of evolution. As we know, Europe consists of several cultures, languages, and traditions, yet on the overall they seem to be integrated tightly; all these prove that European Integration plays a very important role in European political society. In this last chapter, the article discusses the achievements it has made so far, in addition point out the possible future developments of EI and the possible bottlenecks it might encounter.
Keywords/Search Tags:Community, Integration, Treaty, Union
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