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Transition Period Labor Resources, And Then Configure

Posted on:2007-11-04Degree:DoctorType:Dissertation
Country:ChinaCandidate:X PanFull Text:PDF
GTID:1117360212984347Subject:World economy
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
Based on the unprecedented economic background of transition from plan to market, this thesis researches on the paths of labor resources reallocation and the factors influencing the reallocation during transition. It is very important to understand transition and the function of labor market system better. In addition, it holds significance to develop the reallocation theory applying to any economies under large-scale restructuring. As its practical significance, this thesis does comparative study of the Central and Eastern European Countries (CEE) and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), offers sufficient information to other transition countries and the countries facing resources reallocation problem. It also provided lessons and reference to China' s labor resources reallocation during reform.This thesis takes "the labor resources reallocation during transition" as the topic, uses the classic the Optimal Speed of Transition (OST) theory as the basis, compares the paths of labor resources reallocation of CEE and CIS countries during transition from the three perspectives of macro, middle and micro. Through empirical analysis, this thesis points out that OST theory has deficiency in the hypothesis about labor supply and ways of labor flow so that it could not explain why CEE and CIS countries holds differences about labor resources reallocation. By introducing the labor market institutions as non-employment benefits, this thesis rectifies the OST theory and concludes that compared with the policy advice of "controlling the closure speed of state-owned enterprises" raised by OST theory, constructing the labor market institutions and arranging the reform time of welfare system properly is more important to the labor resources reallocation. The experimental analysis of 1998 Slovenia benefit reform testified that conclusion. What' s more, this thesis also finds that as to the resources reallocation during transition, promoting new enterprises and restraining old enterprises is the experience from the most successful transition country, and the human resources construction combined with labor supply is also very important to the reallocation.This founds offer lessons to China' s labor resources reallocation during reform.The first chapter is preface. The second chapter introduces the situation of transition and transition countries, the labor resources allocation system before transition and the shocks by transition. The third chapter introduces the OST theory, analyses the government of transition countries how to realize the optimization of transition speed and labor resources reallocation by controlling the closure speed of SOEs. The fourth chapter comparatively studies the paths of labor resources reallocation and the non-employment situation of CEE and CIS countries, analyses the OST theory empirically and points out its deficiency and amendment target. The fifth chapter rectifies the deficiency of hypothesis of OST theory, analyses the functions of labor market institutions especially the non-employment benefits during transition, draw a conclusion different with OST theory. The sixth chapter studies the adjustment of labor market institutional factors of CEE and CIS countries during transition, comparatively studies the impacts of these factors on the labor resources reallocation, takes the 1998 Slovenia benefit reform as example to do an experimental study to testify the conclusion, and offers some advices about the forward reform on these factors. The last chapter is applies of comparative conclusion of CEE and CIS countries to China.The creations of this thesis lie in: firstly, the former theoretic analysis about the labor market institutions as non-employment benefits focused on developed countries, it is the first time to apply it in transition countries, by amending the OST theory, this thesis gets a new conclusion about how to arrange the benefit system reform during transition and testifies this conclusion through the experimental study about 1998 Slovenia benefit reform. Secondly, it is the first time to use the three-perspective comparative methods to compare the reallocation paths of CEE and CIS countries. Thirdly, this thesis uses the comparative method completely the whole thesis. In addition, most of the studies about CEE and CIS counties are limited within these economies, this thesis compares these two country groups both from theory and practice, andapplies the conclusion to China, which constructs a bridge between transition research and China' s economic research.
Keywords/Search Tags:Transition, Labor resources reallocation, OST, Labor Market Institutions, CEE, CIS
PDF Full Text Request
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