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"Asia - Pacific Re - Balance Strategy" And The Obama Administration 's Policy Research In Southeast Asia

Posted on:2016-09-14Degree:MasterType:Thesis
Country:ChinaCandidate:J T LiFull Text:PDF
GTID:2206330461987635Subject:International politics
Abstract/Summary:PDF Full Text Request
With the changes in the international situation and the position enhancing of the Asia-Pacific region, the new Obama Administration in the White House and the US academia increasingly aware that the United States’ global strategy has been unable to meet America’s national interest demands, and it is necessary to make a timely new strategic plan. Therefore, since the Obama Administration took office in 2009, the United States has transporting the strategic center to the east world. The United States deeply Carried out the "Asia-Pacific Rebalancing Strategy" and indicated that much more energy will be devoted to the Asia-Pacific affairs. The US government claimed to upgrade the status in Asia Pacific region and also maintain their right to speak in the Asia-Pacific affairs through economic, security and political and diplomacy policies. It will contribute to change America’s strategy imbalance resulting from their neglect of the Asia-Pacific region.As the very important geo-strategic area and the "emerging market", Southeast Asia has been a significant part of America’s Asia-Pacific strategy. With ASEAN be proved to hold the important status in East Asia, China’s "Smart Power" diplomacy going on wheels, and South China Sea problem burning, Southeast Asia bound to become the highlight of "Asia-Pacific Rebalancing Strategy".Since Obama took office,the US government speeded up in adjusting its Southeast Asia policies. During the past six years, the Obama Administration had done a lot. On economic issues, Obama increased investment and economic cooperation in Southeast Asia, and promoted the development of relations with ASEAN; In security area, America consolidated the alliance with the Philippines and other allies,and strengthened military cooperation with other Southeast Asian; The Obama Administration advanced high-profile "Values" diplomacy, and promoted political and diplomatic communication and cooperation with Southeast Asian officials in political and diplomatic concerns.Despite the Obama administration’s policy in Southeast Asia fine-tuned from security,economic and diplomatic on the basis of self-examination in his second term, the Obama administration’s interest demands in Southeast Asia will not change. That is to realize the domestic economic revitalization depending on the Southeast Asian market; trying to improve the deterrent force of US military deterrence in the Asia-Pacific region; to enhance consultation and cooperation with the Southeast Asian countries in political diplomacy. The interests The Southeast Asian countries mean to pursue are to increase economic cooperation and promote economic development in Southeast Asia, increasing security, maintaining regional stability and taking advantage of the United States for achieving their great power balance diplomacy. During the process of implementing the United States’ "re-balance", the interests of both the interactive actor will collision and directly impact the effectiveness of the United States’ policy implementation in Southeast Asia.As the result, the interactive behave between the United States and Southeast Asia countries presents three dimensions each with two aspects. Economically, through the active participation in building ASEAN multilateral-system and expanding trade and investment in Southeast Asia, on the one hand make up for the deficiencies of the country’s economic development in Southeast Asia, on the other hand, the Obama administration’s goal of restoring the domestic economy get little success, but for the United States it diverted some long-term significance in occupying the Southeast Asian market. Securely, increased US military deployment in Southeast Asia, held frequently military exercises and to further strengthen military cooperation with Asia-Pacific countries, increase the US military deterrence in the Asia-Pacific region, but also increased the complexity of the situation in the South China Sea, triggering the Southeast Asian countries’ doubt and precaution with America; diplomatically, the Obama Administration promotes exchanges and cooperation between the United States and governments in Southeast Asia, but prevent the Southeast Asian countries seeking balance and autonomy in political and diplomacy policies.
Keywords/Search Tags:the Asia-Pacific Rebalancing Strategy, the Obama Administration, Policy in Southeast Asia, National Interest
PDF Full Text Request
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